L1G04 Past and Past Perfect Tense in Korean = A/V-았/었어요 and A/V-았/었었어요.

L1G04 Past and Past Perfect Tense in Korean = A/V-았/었어요 and A/V-았/었었어요.

☆Past Tense = A/V-았/었어요.
Usage:
  • - Express an action / event simply occurred in in the past, without providing the information of presence situation.
Tense:
- Word end in vowelㅏ or ㅗ = A/V-았어요
- Word end in other vowel = A/V-었어요.
- N-하다 verb = 했어요.

Word conversion:
앉다 -- 앉았어요 = to sit ; 보다 -- 봤어요 = to see
만나다 -- 만났어요 = to meet ; 닫다 -- 닫았어요 = to close
팔다 -- 팔았어요 = to sell ; *모르다 -- 몰랐어요 = to don't know

먹다 -- 먹었어요 = to eat ; 씻다 -- 씻었어요 = to wash (hand, face)
*쓰다 -- 썼어요 = to write ; 있다 -- 있었어요 = to have
열다 -- 열었어요 = to open ; *부르다 -- 불렀어요 = to call (name)

공부하다 -- 공부했어요 =  to study
청소하다 -- 청소했어요 = to clean
입학하다 -- 입학했어요 = to enter (school, university)
운동하다 -- 운동했어요 = to exercise

Examples:
1. 어제 뭐 했어요? - 한국어를 공부했어요.
What did you do yesterday? - I studied Korean.

2. 주말에 뭐 했어요? - 운동했어요.
What did you do in the weekend? - I played sports.

3. 일요일에 친구를 만났어요? - 네, 만났어요.
Did you meet friends in Sunday? - Yes , I did.

4. 2017년 07월 08일에태어났어요.
The baby was born on 2017 Jul 08.


☆Past Perfect Tense = A/V-았/었었어요.
Usage:
- Express a past event that no longer continues to the present = did/ had (in the past)

Tense:
- Word end in vowelㅏ or ㅗ = A/V-았었어요
- Word end in other vowel = A/V-었었어요.
- N-하다 verb = 했었어요.

Word conversion:
살다 -- 살았었어요 = to live ; 가다 -- 갔었어요 = to go
사다 -- 샀었어요 = to buy ; 배우다 -- 배웠었어요 = to learn
많다 -- 많았었어요 = to be much ; 싸다 -- 쌌었어요 = to be cheap

읽다 -- 읽었었어요 = to read ; *듣다 -- 들었었어요 = to listen
먹다 -- 먹었었어요 = to eat ; 길다 = 길었었어요 = to be long

일하다 -- 일했었어요 = to work ; 친절하다 -- 친절했었어요 = to be kind

Examples
1. 미국에 갔었어요.
I have been to the US. (and have returned)

2. 중국에서 살았어요.
I lived in China. (But not now)

3. 요즘 바다에 사람이 없어요.
- 여름에는 사람이 많았어요.
There is nobody at the beach these days.
- There were many people in in the summer.

4. 서울에서 5년 동안 살았었어요.
I lived in Seoul for 5 years. (But no longer now).

5. 안나 씨는 머리가 길었었어요.
Anna’s hairs was long. ( it’s short now)
L1G04 Past and Past Perfect Tense in Korean = A/V-았/었어요 and A/V-았/었었어요. L1G04 Past and Past Perfect Tense in Korean = A/V-았/었어요 and A/V-았/었었어요. Reviewed by Hoang Lam on 10/16/2017 Rating: 5

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