L1G13 N(으)로, N쯤 grammar = to/by/using, about/around

L1G13 N(으)로, N쯤 particles = to/by/using, about/around

☆N(으)로 particle =  ‘to/toward’ or ‘by/using/from’ in English
Usage:
- (1) Express a direction = ‘to’ or ‘toward’
- (2) Express means of transport, tools, or materials used to make something = ‘by’, ‘using’, ‘with’, or ‘from’
- When a mean of transport is a Verb (e.g walking, clumping, running…), 아/어서 is added to the verbs such as 걸어서, 뛰어서, 달려서, 운전해서...

Noun ending in vowel or ㄹ + 로:
버스로 가요. = go by bus
배로 왔어요. = came by vessel
한국말로 하세요. = please speak in Korean
칼로 잘라요. = cut using knife

Noun ending in consonant + 으로:
왼쪽으로 /오른쪽으로 가세요. = please go to the left/to the right.
콩으로 만들었어요. = made from bean.
젓가락으로 먹어요. = eat using chopsticks.

Examples:
1. 저기에서 오른쪽으로 가세요. 은행이 나와요.
Please go to the right from there. You will see a bank.
2. 서울에서 제주도까지 비행기로 가요.
I go from Seoul to Jeju by airplane.
3. 가위로 종이를 잘라요.
I cut the paper with scissors.
4. 스트로베리로 잼을 만들었어요.
I made jam from strawberries.
5. 밀가루로 빵을 만들어요.
I made bread from flour.
6. 이 과자가 맛있어요. 뭐로 만들었어요?
- 이 과자는 쌀로 만들었어요.
This biscuit is good. What's it made of?
- It is made of rice.
7. 서울에서 분산에 어떻게 가요?
- 기차로 가세요. 기차가 빨라요.
How do you go from Seoul to Busan?
- Please go by train. It is fast.
8. 실례합니다. 우체국이 어디에 있어요?
- 저 약국 앞에서 오른쪽으로 가세요.
Excuse me. Where is the post office?
- Please go to the right from the pharmacy over there.

Comparison between  (으)로 가다 and 에 가다.
1. -(으)로 가다 = focus on direction.
2. 에 가다 = focus on destination.


☆N쯤 particle = “about” or “around” in English.
Usage :
- Added to nouns, quantities, and time to indicate approximation = ‘about’ or ‘around’
- When it is referring to prices N쯤 하다 is used more often than N쯤이다.

Examples:
1. 파티에 10명쯤 왔어요.
About 10 persons came to the party.
2. 공항에 10시쯤 도착했어요.
I arrived at the airport around 10 o'clock.
3. 사과가 요즘 얼마쯤 해요?
- 요즘 5개에 5000원쯤 해요.
About how much are apples these days?
- They cost about 5000 won for 5 these days.
4. 서울에서 분산까지 기차로 가면 얼마쯤 해요?
- 글쎄요. 3만원쯤 할 거예요.
About how much to go from Seoul to Busan by train?
- Well. It is about 30k won.
5. 한국에 언제 오셨어요?
- 3년 전쯤 왔어요.
When did you come to Korea?
- I came about 3 years ago.
L1G13 N(으)로, N쯤 grammar = to/by/using, about/around L1G13 N(으)로, N쯤 grammar  = to/by/using, about/around Reviewed by Hoang Lam on 12/12/2017 Rating: 5

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