V-게 grammar = so that, in order to ~focus on the goal to do action

L2.71 V-게 grammar = so that, in order to…~focus on the goal to do action

- Indicate that the goal is the reason for doing the action (~focus on the goal to do action) = so that, in order to.
V-게 can be interchangeable with V-도록. However, there is a slight difference that V-게 focuses on the goal to do action whereas V-도록 focuses on the action to achieve the goal.

- V-게끔 can be used to emphasize the form (example 5)
- V-게 can be used at the end of sentence (example 6, 7)

Positive sentence: Verb + -게
가다 -- 가도록 -- 가게 (in order to go)
낫다 -- 낫도록 -- 낫게 (in order to get better)
잘 들 수 있다 -- 잘 들 수 있도록 -- 잘 들 수 있게 (in order to hear well)
이해하다 -- 이해하도록 -- 이해하게  (in order to understand)

Negative sentence: Verb + -지 않게
늦다 -- 늦지 않도록 -- 늦지 않게 (in order not to be late)
맞다 -- 맞지 않도록 -- 맞지 않게 (in order not to get wet)
잊어버리다 -- 잊어버리지 않도록 -- 잊어버리지 않게 (in order not to forget ...)
감기에 걸리다 -- 감기에 걸리지 않도록 -- 감기에 걸리지 않게 (in order not to catch a cold)

1. 오늘 외국에서 특별한 손님이 오는 거 아시죠?
- 네, 그분이 불편하지 않게 신경을 쓰겠습니다.
Do you know that we have a special guest coming from abroad today?
- Yes, I will take care of them so that they won't be uncomfortable.

2. 선생님, 뒤에서는 잘 안 들려요.
- 그럼, 뒤사람들도 잘 들을 수 있게 마이크를 사용할게요.
Teacher, we can’t hear you well in the back.
- Then, I will use a microphone so that people in the back can hear well too.

3. 네가 춥지 않게 난방 온도를 올렸어요.
I raised the heater temperature so that you wouldn't be cold.

4. 약속을 잊어버리지 않게 전화를 해야겠어요.
I have got to call my friend so that he doesn’t forget our appointment.

5. 중요한 내용을 잊어버리지 않게끔 수첩에 메모를 하세요.
Please take notes in order not to forget the important points.

6. 옷을 따뜻하게 입으세요. 감기에 걸리지 않게요.
Please dress warmly in order not to catch a cold.

7. 좀 조용히 해. 다른 사람들이 공부하게.
Don’t make noise in order to allow other people to study.

8. 사람들이 들어오게 문을 열어 놓으세요.
Please open the door in advance so that people can enter.

9. 무엇을 사야 되는지를 깜빡하지 않게 목록을 작성하세요.
Make a list so that you don’t forget what to buy.

10. 제가 잘 들을 수 있게 크게 말해 주세요.
Please speak loudly so that I can hear you well.

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