In Korean, there are two number systems:

**Sino-Korean numbers**and

**Native-Korean numbers**. Each system is used in different contexts, making it essential for Korean learners to understand when to use each one. Here’s a comprehensive breakdown to help you master Korean numbers, with examples for practical use.

### Korean Number Systems Overview

**1. Sino-Korean Numbers**: These numbers are used for counting and measuring various "modern" things, such as:

**Phone numbers****Bus numbers****Height and weight****Addresses****Years, months, minutes, and seconds****Money**

**2. Native-Korean Numbers**: These numbers are used for specific contexts like:

**Expressing age****Counting objects and units****Telling time (for hours)**

### Sino-Korean Numbers with Specific Usage

Number | Sino-Korean |
---|---|

1 | 일 |

2 | 이 |

3 | 삼 |

4 | 사 |

5 | 오 |

6 | 육 |

7 | 칠 |

8 | 팔 |

9 | 구 |

10 | 십 |

11 | 십일 |

12 | 십이 |

20 | 이십 |

30 | 삼십 |

100 | 백 |

1,000 | 천 |

10,000 | 만 |

100,000 | 십만 |

1,000,000 | 백만 |

10,000,000 | 천만 |

100,000,000 | 억 |

**Note**:

- Large numbers are counted in units of 10,000 (만) instead of 1,000, unlike in English. For example, 2017030 is read as 이십일만 칠천 삼십.
- When a number starts with 1, the initial 1 may be omitted (e.g., 11 = 십일, not 일십일).
- “0” can be pronounced as
**공**(often in phone numbers) or**영**(general usage).

#### Example Sentences with Sino-Korean Numbers

**1. What floor is the classroom?**

**교실이 몇 층이에요?***3층이에요.*(It’s the 3rd floor)

**2. What’s your phone number?**

**전화번호가 뭐예요?***010-5159-5055예요.*(공일공 오일오구의 오공오오)

**3. What bus do you take?**

**몇 번 버스를 타요?***704번 버스를 타요.*(I take bus number 704)

**4. How much is this book?**

**이 한국어 책이 얼마예요?***18,000 원이에요.*(만 팔천 원)

**5. What is your weight?**

**몸무게가 몇 킬로그램이에요?***65킬로그램이에요.*(육십 오)

### Native-Korean Numbers with Specific Usage

Native-Korean numbers are commonly used when counting units like objects, people, animals, and ages. Below are examples of units used with Native-Korean numbers:

Unit | Meaning | Example |
---|---|---|

개 | General things | 사과 한 개 (1 apple) |

명 | People | 사람 세 명 (3 people) |

마리 | Animals | 고양이 두 마리 (2 cats) |

살 | Age | 열 살 (10 years old) |

병 | Bottles | 콜라 한 병 (1 bottle of cola) |

잔 | Cups | 물 두 잔 (2 cups of water) |

장 | Sheets | 종이 세 장 (3 sheets of paper) |

권 | Books | 책 두 권 (2 books) |

대 | Machinery | 자동차 한 대 (1 car) |

송이 | Flowers | 장미 한 송이 (1 rose) |

**Counting Examples with Native-Korean Numbers**

- 하나 + 개 = 한 개 (1 item)
- 둘 + 개 = 두 개 (2 items)
- 셋 + 개 = 세 개 (3 items)
- 넷 + 개 = 네 개 (4 items)
- 다섯 + 개 = 다섯 개 (5 items)
- 여섯 + 개 = 여섯 개 (6 items)
- 열하나 + 개 = 열한 개 (11 items)
- 스물 + 개 = 스무 개 (20 items)

#### Example Sentences with Native-Korean Numbers

**1. How many family members do you have?**

**가족이 몇 명이에요?***우리 가족은 여섯 명이에요.*(We have a family of six)

**2. How old are you?**

**몇 살이에요?***스물아홉 살이에요.*(I am 29 years old)

**3. I’ll take 2 apples and 1 Coke.**

**여기 사과 두 개, 콜라 한 병 주세요.***네, 모두 오천 원입니다.*(Ok, it is 5000 won in total)

**4. I’d like one kimchi stew.**

**아줌마 김치찌개 한 개 주세요.**

**5. Give me a bottle of soju too.**

**소주도 한 병 주세요.**

### Key Takeaways for Korean Number Systems

**Sino-Korean Numbers**are used for measurements, counting, and modern contexts.**Native-Korean Numbers**are used for times, age, and counting specific units.- Practice using each number system in the appropriate contexts to improve fluency in Korean.

### Conclusion

Learning Korean numbers can be challenging, but understanding the difference between Sino-Korean and Native-Korean numbers makes it easier to use them correctly. Keep practicing with real-life examples, and soon you'll be able to count, tell time, and express prices in Korean with confidence.

**Keywords**

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Korean number examples with translation

Korean numbers and counting for TOPIK

thank you

ReplyDeleteMany thanks! I can learn korean through this blog! Clear explanation and neat

ReplyDeleteSorry, but isn't there a mistake in unit example one? Shouldn't it say 6 family members instead of 5?

ReplyDeleteSorry for the mistyping. It was fixed.

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