Korean Alphabet: How to Read, Write, and Pronounce

Korean Alphabet (consonants & vovels)

Lesson 1: Pronounce the Korean Alphabet

The 14 basic Korean characters:

1. 가 (gah) = It may sound like a K, but there is another Korean consonant that has a stronger K sound (ㅋ). Think of ㄱ as a soft G sound.

2. 나 (nah) = it's easy, right?

3. 다 (dah) = Might sound like “tah,” however the ㅌ consonant has a stronger T pronunciation. Think of ㄷ as a soft D.

4. 라 (lah) = The ㄹ consonant has a rolling L sound. It may sound like an R, however Koreans do not have a consonant that is a 100% R equivalent. Thus if a native Korean says, “Rock and roll,” it’ll sound more like “Lock and Loll.”

5. 마 (mah) = Sounds like the second “ma” in “mama.”

6. 바 (bah) = It may sound like a P, but there is another Korean consonant with a stronger P sound (ㅍ). Think of ㅂ as a soft B sound.

7. 사 (sah) = Did you know 사 means the number “four”?
8. 아 (ah) = The ㅇ consonant, which looks like a circle, is silent. However when paired with other characters, the ㅇ consonant can take the sound of a previous consonant.
  • 아 (ah)
  • 야 (yah)
  • 어 (uh)
  • 여 (yuh)
  • 오 (oh)
  • 요 (yoh)
  • 우 (ooh)
  • 유 (you)
  • 으 (euh)
  • 이 (e)
9. 자 (jah) = Might sound like “cha,” think of ㅈ as a soft J sound. However the ㅊ Korean consonant has a stronger “ch” pronunciation.

10. 차 (cha) = Pronounced the same as the Cuban dance “Cha Cha.”

11. 카 (kah) = It's easy.

12. 타 (tah) = A simple one!

13. 파 (pah) = 파 means “spring onion.”

14. 하 (hah) = Pronounced the same as the “ha” when someone laughs “hahaha.”

Lesson 2: Write the Alphabet (Basic Consonants + Vowels) 

Download worksheet for practicing writing basic consonants and vowels: worksheet 1 | worksheet 2


Lesson 3: Double Consonants

Download worksheet for practicing writing double consonants : worksheet 1


Lesson 4: Diphthongs (complex + compound vowels) 

Practicing writing korean diphthongs:

Note: these basic lessons were sourced from SweetandtastyTV.com
KoreanTopik does not own any contents like videos or worksheets.


Anonymous said...


Unknown said...

your new student

Unknown said...

I found all these lessons are useful. Being a beginner I am not getting anything but I hope than I would be in position to acquire enough.

Unknown said...


Unknown said...

I want to learn more.thank you

Unknown said...

Its usefull...
Want to learn more

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