A/V-고 해서 grammar = so, because (among all) ~give the main reason among reasons for doing action


A/V-고 해서 grammar = so, because (among all) ~give the main reason among reasons for doing action

Usage:
- Express the main reason among several reasons (1st clause) for doing the action (2nd clause). = so, because (among all)

Tense:

Adjective/Verb + -고 해서:
좋다 -> 좋고 해서 (because something is good)
늦게 먹다 -> 늦게 먹고 해서 (because I eat late)
받다 -> 받고 해서 (because I receive something)
없다 -> 없고 해서 (because I don't have something)
불편하다 -> 불편하고 해서 (because something is inconvenient)
싸다 -> 싸고 해서 (because it is cheap)

Noun + -이고 해서:
친구 -> 친구이고 해서 (because he is my friend)
학생 -> 학생이고 해서 (because we are students)

Specific usage:

1. A/V-고 해서 can also be expressed in the other forms: N도 A/V-고 해서 and A/V-기도 하고 해서 with the same meaning.

날씨가 춥고 해서 집에 일찍 돌아갔어요. /
날씨도 춥고 해서 집에 일찍 돌아갔어요. /
날씨가 춥기도 해서 집에 일찍 돌아갔어요. /
The weather was cold, so I went home early.

2. N도 A/V-고 N도 A/V-고 해서 or A/V-기도 하고 A/V-기도 하고 해서 are used to express two typical reasons among many for doing action.

머리가 아프고 잠깐 쉬고 싶기도 해서 공부하다가 텔레비전을 봤어요. /
머리가 아프기도 잠깐 쉬고 싶기도 해서 공부하다가 텔레비전을 봤어요.
I had a headache and wanted to rest for a while, so I watched TV while studying.

Examples :

1. 피곤한데 택시 안 타요?
- 네, 길도 복잡하고 해서 지하철을 타는 게 좋겠어요.
You are tired, why don't you take a taxi?
- Well, there is a lot of traffic, so I think taking the subway is better.

2. 저녁 같이 드실래요?
- 점심도 늦게 먹고 해서 저녁은 안 먹으려고요.
Would you like to have dinner together?
- I had a late lunch, so I am planning to skip dinner.

3. 피곤하고 해서 약속을 취소했어요.
I was tired (among other things), so I cancelled the appointment.

4. 돈 없고 해서 오늘은 집에 있으려고 해요.
I don't have money (and among all), so I plan to stay home today.

5. 장학금도 받고 해서 친구들에게 한턱냈어요.
I got the scholarship (and among all), so I treated my friends to a meal.

6. 몸에 안 좋고 해서 담배를 끊었어요.
My health got bad, so I quit smoking.

7. 이 번 동아리 미팅에 못  간다면서요?
- 네, 아르바이트도 하고 공부도 해야 하고 해서 못 가요.
I heard you can’t attend the club meeting this time, right?
- Yes, I have to study and have part-time job (and among all), so I can’t go.

8. 시간이 없고 해서 점심에 김밥을 먹었어요.
I don't have time (and among all), I had a kimpap at lunch.

9. 마리 씨, 왜 이사를 하려고 하세요?
- 회사도 멀고 교통도 불편하고 해서 이사를 하려고 해요.
Mary, why are you planning to move?
- It is far from my company and the traffic is not convenient, so I am planning to move.

10. 동대문시장에 물건 값이 싸고 해서 자주 가요.
The goods price in Dongdaemun market is cheap, so I go there often.
A/V-고 해서 grammar = so, because (among all) ~give the main reason among reasons for doing action A/V-고 해서 grammar = so, because (among all) ~give the main reason among reasons for doing action Reviewed by Korean Topik on 9/07/2021 Rating: 5

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