V-고서 grammar = and (then) ~ express time order of 2 actions

L2.53 V-고서 grammar = and then ~express time order of 2 actions

- Express the time order of 2 actions = and (then)
- V-고서 can’t use with movement verbs (가다, 내리다, 다니다, 앉다…)
- V-고서 is the shortened form of V-고 나서 grammar
- V-고서 is similar to the V-아/어 가지고 grammar.


Verb + -고서 = and (then)
먹다 -- 먹고서 (have meal and then...)
만들다 -- 만들고서 (make something and then...)
돈을 내다 -- 돈을 내고서 (paid money and then...)
화가 내다 -- 화가 내고서  (got angry and then...)
생기다 -- 생기고서 (happened and then...)
뉴스를 읽다 -- 뉴스를 읽고서 (read newspaper and then...)
운동하다 -- 운동하고서 (exercise and then...)
공부하다 -- 공부하고서 (study and then...)


1. 밥을 먹고서 설거지를 해요.
I have meal and then wash the dishes.

2. 일을 끝내고서 집에 가요.
I finish my work and go home.

3. 마트에서 돈만 내고서 물건은 안 가지고 나왔어요.
I only paid money at the mart and left without taking my stuffs.

4. 오늘 아침에 샤워하고서 아침식사를 먹었어요.
Today morning, I took a shower and then eat breakfast.

5. 책을 읽고서 친구들과 토론을 했어요.
I read a book and then had a discussion with some friends.

6. 그는  한국 여자 친구와 사귀고서 한국말이 많이 늘었어. 
He dated with a Korean girlfriend, and his Korean has advanced a lot.

7. 친구한테 화를 내고서 후회를 많이 했어요. 
I got angry with my friend and then I really regret.

8. 저녁을 먹고서 숙제를 할게요.
I will eat dinner and then do homework.

9. 그 약을 먹고서 감기가 다 나았다. 

I took that medicine and my cold got better. 

10. 출근하면 커피를 마시고서 일을 시작해요. 
When I go to work, I drink coffee and start working.

11. 대학교를 졸업하고서 바로 회사에 취직했어요. 
I graduated from my university, and then I immediately got a job at a company. 

12. 컵라면에 뜨거운 물을 붓고서 3분만 기다리면 먹을 수 있어요. 
Pour hot water into cup noodles, wait 3 minutes, and you're ready to eat. 

13. 감기는 좀 어때요?
- 이제 괜찮아요. 약을 먹고서 자고 나니까 나았어요.
How is your cold?
- It's fine now. After taking the medicine and sleeping, I felt better.

14. 오늘 왜 안경을 안 썼어요?
- 아침에 안경을 책상 위에 올려 놓고서 잊어버리고 그냥 나왔어요.
Why didn't you wear glasses today?
- I placed my glasses on my desk this morning and then forgot. So I just went out.

15. 어제 수영을 하다가 발에 쥐가 나서 아주 힘들었어요.
- 그러니까 운동을 할 때는 꼭 준비운동을 하고서 해야 돼요.
Yesterday, I was swimming and got a cramp, and it is really hurt.
- That's why you have to do warm-up exercises first and then exercise.

1 comment:

Korean Topik said...

This post was updated on 21th April 2023. Hope you enjoy studying at koreantopik.com

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