A/V-(으)면 grammar = if, when ~express a supposition or a condition about a fact ...


L1.54 A/V-() grammar = if, when ~express a supposition or a condition about a fact or something occurred repeatedly

Usage:
Express a supposition or a condition about a fact or something occurred repeatedly = if, when
- Past tense can’t come before -().
- When an action only occurs once, -() grammar is used. (example 4)
- When expressing a supposition, 혹시, 만약 and 만일 can also be used to emphasize the supposition. (example 7)
- When the subjects of the 1st and 2nd clauses are different, the particle following the subject of the 1st clause changes from / to /. (example 5)

Verb/ Adjective ending in vowel or + :
가다가면  (If we go...)
바쁘다바쁘면  (If it is bad ...)
만나다만나면 (If we meet...)
공부하다공부하면 (If I study...)
*살다살면  (If I live...)
*만들다만들면 (If I make...)

Verb/ Adjective ending in consonant + 으면:
먹다먹으면 (If I eat...)
있다있으면 (If I have...)
*듣다들으면 (If I listen...)
*덥다더우면 (If it is hot...)
*낫다나으면 (If it is better...)
*짓다지으면 (If they build...)




Examples
1. 컴퓨터를 많이 하면 눈이 아파요.
If you send too much time on computer, you will hurt your eyes.

2. 나는 기분이 좋으면 춤을 춰요.
When I am in a good mood, I dance.

3. 돈을 많이 벌면 새로운 자동차를 거예요.
If I make a lot of money, I will buy a new car.

4. 어제 영화를 보면 울었어요. (x) → 어제 영화를 울었어요. (o)
I cried when I watched a movie yesterday.

5. 동생이 이야기하면 친구들이 웃어요.
When my brother tells a story, his friends laugh.

6. 주말에 보통 해요?
- 날씨가 좋으면 등산을 해요.
What do you normally do on the weekend?
- If the weather is nice, I go hiking.

7. 만약 결혼하면 어디에서 거예요?
- 회사 근처 아파트에서 살려고 해요.
When will you live once you get married?
- I plan to live in an apartment near the company.

8. 이번 월급을 받으면 스마트폰을 거예요.
When I get my salary this month, I am going to buy a new smartphone.

9. 수업이 일찍 끝나면 거예요?
If the class finishes early, what are you going to do?

10. 날씨가 좋으면 사진 찍으러 가요.
If the weather is nice, we are going to take some pictures.

11. 취직하면 한턱 낼게요.
If I get a job, I will treat you.

12. 사람 소식을 들으면 알려줄게.
If I hear of him, I'll let you know.

13. 질문이 있으면 언제든지 물어보세요.
If you have a question, ask me anytime.
A/V-(으)면 grammar = if, when ~express a supposition or a condition about a fact ... A/V-(으)면 grammar = if, when ~express a supposition or a condition about a fact ... Reviewed by Korean Topik on 4/29/2020 Rating: 5

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