A/V-고요 and -구요 grammar = also, too ~ used to add information or ask for additional information

고요 and -구요 grammar = also, too ~ used to add information or ask for additional information


Usage of ~고요:

- (1) 고요 is used to “add information” to your or other person’s statement. = also, too

- (2) 고요 is also used to “ask for additional information” from the other person. (example 12-14)

- In spoken Korean, ending sentence in 고요 makes it sound softer than 아/어요.


Usage of ~구요:

- 구요 is a variant of 고요. Some linguists believe that 구요 is actually a dialect of 서울 or 경기도.

- Young Koreans think that saying 구요 sounds cuter than saying 고요, so they use 구요 more often when talking to the older.



Verb + 고요 / 구요

가다 -> 가고요 / 가구요

왔다 -> 왔고요 / 왔구요

먹다 -> 먹고요 / 먹구요

만나다 -> 만나고요 / 만나구요

배우다 -> 배우고요 / 배우구요

끝나다 -> 끝나고요 / 끝나구요

있다 -> 있고요 / 있구요

없다 -> 없고요 / 없구요


Adjective + 고요 / 구요

크다 -> 크고요 / 크구요

좋다 -> 좋고요 / 좋구요

많다 -> 많고요 / 많구요

춥다 -> 춥고요 / 춥구요


Noun + ()고요 / ()구요

의사 -> 의사고요 / 의사구요

고향 -> 고향이고요 / 고향이구요

학생 -> 학생이고요 / 학생이구요

선생님 -> 선생님이고요 / 선생님이구요



1. 한국에서 기차를 타는 것은 편리해요. 값도 싸고요.

Taking the train in Korea is convenient. It's cheap too.


2. 짧은 영화인데요. 그리고 정말 재미있고요.

It's a short movie. And it's really interesting.


3. 그녀는 유튜버예요. 인기도 많이 있구요.

She is a youtuber. And she is very famous.


4. 책은 내용이 좋아요. 그림도 이해하기 쉽고요.

That book is really good. The pictures are also easy to understand.


5. 그는 좋은 친구예요. 동생들에게는 착한 형이고요.

He's a good friend. And he's a nice brother to his brothers.


6. 기침을 많이 해요. 열도 나고요.

I cough a lot. I also have a fever.


7. 어제 모임에 토니 씨도 왔어요?

- 그럼요. 수지 씨도 왔고요.

Did Tony also come to the meeting yesterday?

- Yes. Suzy also came.


8. 한국 영화를 많이 봐요?

- , 한국 노래도 자주 듣고요.

Do you watch a lot of Korean movies?

- Yes, I also listen to Korean songs often.


9. 아이들은 인사를 잘하네요.

- 맞아요. 공부도 하고요.

The kids are very good at greeting.

- Right. They are also good at studying.


10. 소개팅은 어땠어요? 재미있었어요?

- , 같이 저녁을 먹었어요. 그리고 극장에서 영화도 봤고요.

How about the blind date? Was it fun?

- Yes, we had dinner together. And we also watched movies in cinema.


11. 내일부터 이니스프리 세일기간인데 얼마나 할인되는지 아세요?

- 50% 할일 돼요. 3만원 이상 사면 사은품도 주고요.

Innisfree sale period starts tomorrow, do you know how much discount it is?

- It's 50% off. If you buy more than 30,000 won, they will give you a free gift.


12. 이게 돼지고기예요? 소고기가 아니고요?

Is this pork? Not beef?


13. 강아지를 좋아해요? 고양이가 아니고요?

Do you like puppies? Not a cat?


14. 지내지요. 사업은 잘돼 가고요?

- . 덕분에 먹고 만해요.

How are you? Is your business going well?

- Yes, thanks to you, it's worth living.

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