V-(으)면서 grammar = 'while'/ 'and…too' ~ two actions occurs simultaneously



L1G20 V-()면서 grammar = 'while'/ 'and…too' ~ two actions occurs simultaneously

Usage:
- The grammar indicates that two actions occur simultaneously = ‘while/and...too’ in English

The subjects of both clauses must be the same. If the subjects are different, V- 동안 grammar is used. (See example 6)

- Verb preceding -()면서 is always in present tense. This rule is also applied for the V-아/어서 grammar

- V-()면서 is different from V-(으)ㄴ 채로 grammar = "during V ...", which indicates an action occurring while maintaining the state of a situation.



Verbs ending in vowel or + 면서:
가다 -- 가면서 (to go)  
보다 -- 보면서   (to see)
부르다 -- 부르면서 (to call) 
기다리다 -- 기다리면서 (to wait)
공부하다 -- 공부하면서 (to study) 
여행하다 -- 여행하면서 (to travel)
울다 -- 울면서 (to cry)  
만들다 -- 만들면서 (to make)




Verbs ending in consonant + 으면서:
받다  -- 받으면서 (to receive)   
먹다 -- 먹으면서 (to eat)
*듣다 -- 들으면서  (to listen)   
*걷다 -- 걸으면서 (to walk)
*짓다 -- 지으면서  (to build)   
*돕다 -- 도우면서  (to help)
(*) irregular form



Examples:

1. 밥을 먹으면서 영화 봐요.
I eat while watching movie.

2. 지난 번에 노래방에서는 토니 씨가 춤을 추면서 노래했어요.
In the Karaoke room last time, Tony danced while singing.

3. 운전하면서 전화하지 마세요. 위험해요.
Don’t use phone while driving. It’s dangerous.

4. 어제 많이 바빴어요?
- , 그래서 김밥을 먹으면서 일했어요.
Were you very busy yesterday?
- Yes, so I ate kimpap while working.

5. 요즘 피곤해 보여요?
- 학교에 다니면서 아르바이트를 해요. 그래서 피곤해요.
Why do you look tired these days?
- I attend the school while having a part-time job. That’s why I am tired.

6. 동생이 청소하면서 나 빨래를 했습니다. (wrong)
→  동생이 청소하 동안 나 빨래를 했습니다.
While my little brother was cleaning the house, I did the laundry.

7. 언니가 노래를 하면서 샤워를 해요.
My older sister sings songs while having a shower.

8. 친구를 기다리면서 뉴스를 읽고 있어요.
I am reading the news while waiting for my friends.

9. 회사를 다니면서 대학원도 다녀요.
I am working and attending the graduate school too.
V-(으)면서 grammar = 'while'/ 'and…too' ~ two actions occurs simultaneously V-(으)면서 grammar = 'while'/ 'and…too' ~ two actions occurs simultaneously Reviewed by Korean Topik on 10/10/2019 Rating: 5

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