L1G20 V-(으)면서 grammar = while/during…~actions occurs simultaneously


L1G20 V-()면서 grammar = while/during…~actions occurs simultaneously

Usage:
Indicates that two actions occur simultaneously = ‘while/during’ in English
The subjects of both clauses must be the same.
- If the subjects of two verbs are different, V- 동안 grammar is used. (see e.g. #6)
- Verb preceding -()면서 is always in present tense. Past and future tense are not allowed.
- V-()면서 is different from V-(으)ㄴ 채로 grammar which indicates an action occurring while maintaining the state of a situation.

Verbs ending in vowel or + 면서:
가다 -- 가면서 (to go)  ;  보다 -- 보면서   (to see)
부르다 -- 부르면서 (to call) ; 기다리다 -- 기다리면서 (to wait)
공부하다 -- 공부하면서 (to study) ; 여행하다 -- 여행하면서 (to travel)
울다 -- 울면서 (to cry) ;  만들다 -- 만들면서 (to make)

Verbs ending in consonant + 으면서:
받다  -- 받으면서 (to receive)  ;  먹다 -- 먹으면서 (to eat)
*듣다 -- 들으면서  (to listen)   ;  *걷다 -- 걸으면서 (to walk)
*짓다 -- 지으면서  (to build)   ;  *돕다 -- 도우면서  (to help)
(*) irregular form


Examples:
1. 밥을 먹으면서 텔레비전을 봐요.
I eat while watching TV.

2. 어제 노래방에서는 토니 씨가 춤을 추면서 노래했어요.
In the Karaoke room yesterday, Tony danced while singing.

3. 운전하면서 전화하지 마세요. 위험해요.
Don’t use phone while driving. It’s dangerous.

4. 어제 많이 바빴어요?
- , 그래서 비빔밥을 먹으면서 일했어요.
Were you very busy yesterday?
- Yes, so I ate bibimpap while working.

5. 요즘 피곤해 보여요?
- 학교에 다니면서 아르바이트를 해요. 그래서 피곤해요.
Why do you look tired these days?
- I attend the school while having a part-time job. That’s why I am tired.

6. 동생이 청소하면서 언니는 빨래를 했습니다. (wrong)
→  동생이 청소하 동안 언니는 빨래를 했습니다.
While my little brother was cleaning the house, my older sister did the laundry.

7. 언니가 노래를 하면서 샤워를 해요.
My older sister sings songs while having a shower.
L1G20 V-(으)면서 grammar = while/during…~actions occurs simultaneously L1G20 V-(으)면서 grammar = while/during…~actions occurs simultaneously Reviewed by Hoang Lam on 1/06/2018 Rating: 5

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