V-아/어 주세요 and V-아/어 주시겠어요? grammar = please do, would you please ~make a request to someone

V-아/어 주세요, V-아/어 주시겠어요? grammar = please do, would you please ~making a request to someone


- V-아/어 주세요: the speaker expresses a request to the listener to perform an action  = please do 
- V- 아/어 주시겠어요? is a more polite expression of V-아/어 주세요 that shows more consideration for the listener = could/would you please

V-아/어 주세요 is replaced by V-아/어 드리세요 if the recipient is someone higher in status or to be respected by the speaker (e.g. guests, elders, parents, boss...) 

Verb + 아/어 주세요 or 아/어 주시겠어요?

빌리다 (borrow)  -- 빌려 주세요 (please lend )
들다 (bring)  -- 들어 주세요 (please bring)
닫다 (close) -- 닫아 주세요 (please close)
소개하다 (introduce)  -- 소개해 주세요 (please introduce)
*쓰다 (write)  -- 쎠 주세요 (please write down)
*돕다 (help)  -- 도와 주세요 (please help)


*V-아/어 주세요 grammar = please do 

1. 문 좀 닫아 주세요. / 창문 좀 열어 주세요
Please close the door./ Please open the window.

2. 자리를 안내해 드리세요
Please show her/him to a seat.

3. 이 문법 좀 가르쳐 주세요
Please teach me this grammar.

4. 제 말을 좀 들어 주세요. 
Please listen to me.

5. 천천히 말해 주세요.
Please speak slowly.

6. 배고파요?
- 네. 맛있는 걸 사 주세요.
Are you hungry?
- Yes. Please buy me something delicious!

7. 이 박스가 진짜 무거워요. 좀 도와 주세요.
- 오케이! 도와 줄게요. 
This box is really heavy. Please help me.
- Ok! I'll help you.

*V-아/어 주시겠어요? grammar = would you please do

1. 사진 좀 찍어 주시겠어요
Would you please take our picture?

2. 이 문제가 어려워서 풀어 주시겠어요?
This problem is difficult, so could you help me solve it?

3. 저녁에 컴퓨터 좀 고쳐 주시겠어요?
Could you fix my computer in the evening?

4. 설거지할 게 너무 많은데. 이것 좀 거들어 주시겠어요?
There are too many dishes to wash. Could you help me with this?

5. 저 좀 도와 주시겠어요
- , 뭘 도와 드릴까요
Could you please help me out? 
- Sure, how may I help you?

6. 조금만 조용히 해 주시겠어요?
- 네, 시끄럽게 해서 미안해요.
Could you be quiet for a bit?
- Yes, sorry for the noise.

7.거실이 좀 추운데 창문 좀 닫아 주시겠어요?
- 네. 지금 바로 닫을게요.
It's a bit cold in the living room, could you close the window?
- Yes. I'll close it right now.

Difference between  V-()세요 and V-/어 주세요.

1. V-()세요 :  a simple command or request to the listener to do an action for the listener’s sake.

다리가 아프세요여기 앉으세요.
Does your leg hurt? Please sit down here.

2. V-/어 주세요: a request to the listener to do an action for the sake of the speaker.

영화가 안 보여요앉아 주세요.
I can’t see the movie. Please sit down.


Unknown said...

pls let me know the name of this book.I want to buy it. thank you

Korean Topik said...

You can download this book by following this link http://www.koreantopik.com/2018/02/korean-grammar-in-use-beginner.html

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